That's why, sooner or later, every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain be made low, the crooked straight, and the rough places plain (Isaiah 40:4). Matthew tells the story of the outward and, so to say, public experiences of Mary which follow hard upon the former and are in such dramatic contrast with them: the shame and suspicion which fell upon her (1:18); her bitter humiliation (1:19), her ultimate vindication (1:20 f). What was left they annexed and taxed. (Maria Magdalene = of "Magdala").--A devoted follower of Jesus who entered the circle of the taught during the Galilean ministry and became prominent during the last days. The Hebrews seem to have concluded that humanity is designed to function as nations (which are essentially large family groups), which in turn are based on natural law, which in turn make the members feel as if there is no law at all. It would appear that the woman has a primary reference to the people of God, Israel, and the church, with a secondary reference to Mary, mother of the Messiah: she is a "type" of the church. Hence, despite its links to words that mostly describe hardship, myrrh oil was known as the "oil of joy.". If man embodied the whole of natural law, he would subsequently embody the whole of the universe, from its inception to it finest working principles (1 Kings 10:3-5). As a virgin she will conceive and bear a son who is "the Son of God.". She is obviously the object of special interest to Luke (see Ramsay, Was Christ Born at Bethlehem? Truth is not a statement but a realm, a theatre of operation. And there it is: John's respectful salute to the three cultural languages in which Jesus was first proclaimed King of the Jews — the Titulus Crucis formed by the Synoptic Gospels standing over the Word, and the Marian societies standing beneath the Word. Meaning & History Usual English form of Maria, the Latin form of the New Testament Greek names Μαριάμ (Mariam) and Μαρία (Maria) - the spellings are interchangeable - which were from Hebrew מִרְיָם (Miryam), a name borne by the sister of Moses in the Old Testament. Likewise the word "sister" (adelphe [ajdelfhv]) has been interpreted as a blood-sister, a half-sister, and a female cousin. It is conceivable, and certainly no very serious matter, that John assimilated his narrative at this point to the similar incident of Lu 7. But a Hebrew audience, particularly one that didn't speak ancient Egyptian, the name Miriam/Mary would have seemed obviously akin the verb מרה (mara) meaning to be rebellious or disobedient, or the related verb מרר (marar), meaning to be bitter or strong: The verb מרר (marar) means to be strong or bitter and can be used to describe tastes and smells, and hard or difficult situations. The archetype of the Two Sisters is so fundamental that it's established as the core event of the second creation day — where one body of water becomes two, and of these two only one produces dry land (Genesis 1:6-8) — and even forms the quintessential Golgotha image of Christ between the two murderers; one accepted and the other rejected. Bibliography Information This makes it sufficiently evident, on the one hand, that the household never shared the feelings of the official class among the Jews; and, on the other, that the family of Jesus passed through the same cycle of experiences which punctuated the careers of the whole body of disciples on the way to faith. An analysis of the incident of Luke 7 with reference to the same points of inquiry discloses the fact that it cannot be the same as that described by the other evangelists. The words Christ (that's Greek) and Messiah (that's Hebrew) are not names reserved for one individual but rather common titles. Many women bear the name Mary in the Bible. Fortunately the Virgin-queen came with a little sister, who herself was of course a Virgin too. Whether she turned to Jesus with distinctly Messianic expectation, or whether Jesus intended to convey a mild rebuke for her eagerness, it is not necessary for us to inquire, as it is not possible for us to determine. General Editor. Most housewives are inclined to take this view and to think that Martha has been hardly dealt with. Add to that the obvious observation that cultures commonly correspond to language areas, and you see the world as envisioned by the Bible writers. Salem Media Group. 8-20), the naming of Jesus and the purification of Mary (vv. The identification of Mary with the sinful woman is, of course, impossible for one who follows carefully the course of the narrative with an eye to the transitions. But then, neither Constantine nor Helena cared much about the actual gospel and were mostly interested in extending the emperor cult some badly needed divine swagger. Anointing was one of those general and prevalent acts of social courtesy which might mean much or little, this or that, and might be repeated a score of times in a year with a different meaning each time. For ancient civilizations as much as modern ones, sound information was a matter of life or death (Proverbs 12:11, 28:19). It made reading vastly simpler, and script so accurate that data could be transferred or preserved with very little chance of corruption — hence the Psalmist jubilant outcry: "You will not let your Holy One [the Word] see decay!" These "nations" form naturally when human atoms are free. This offspring does not come from efforts of the Lazarite component (Luke 17:20) but by direct inspiration of the Divine. On the other hand, we are confronted with at least one serious difficulty in affirming two anointings. This is remarkable since hundreds of thousands of people had been crucified in the century of Jesus and crosses were recycled until they fell apart. The verb מור (mor) means to change. An orgy of death ensued. That Helper became Eve, of course; the mother of all living. (5) One other possible identification is offered for our consideration. She is shown in an unprecedented role, strange to an oriental woman and especially to one so retiring in disposition as Mary. Luke presents Mary as the perfect disciple of her Son, who is also her Lord. It was one with the universe but also ran the universe, and thus outranked the universe and thus must have also governed the creation of it. The Persian emperor, after all, had released them from captivity and had ordered and funded the restoration of Jerusalem and the temple (Ezra 6:3). Instead of returning in a physical sense, a large collective of Jews remained in Persia but "returned" to their veneration of righteousness by establishing the thriving Jewish community that ultimately produced the still revered Talmud. Bible > Strong's > Greek > 3137 3137. Even if all the probabilities of exegesis are violated and the cumulative evidence that Mary had other children done away with; if the expression, "brethren of the Lord" is explained as "foster-brethren," "cousins" or what-not; if Jesus is shown to be not only "first-born" but "only-born" Son (Luke 2:7); if the expression of Matthew 1:25 is interpreted as meaning "up to and beyond" (Pusey, et al. Other origins for the name Mary include - Biblical, English.The name Mary is most often used as a girl name or female name. With all that talk of natural liberation going on, Rome needed a critical mass of people willing to uphold the nonsense of its pantheon. And if there's not a word for that something, then that something either does not exists or has yet to be cultivated. It is also a clear indication of the fact that Luke does not identify Mary with the sinful woman of Luke 7 (compare Matthew 26:6-13; Mark 14:3-9; Luke 7:36-50; John 12:1-8). She became the wife of Joseph and the mother of Jesus. Anybody who realizes that everything that occurs naturally is an expression of natural law (Ecclesiastes 1:9), and that natural law works the same on all levels of complexity, is able to derive the most intimate natural principles from what is observable. Among these were Mary Magdalene (see III, above); Mary, mother of James and Joses; and the unnamed mother of Zebedee's children. It has been well said (Horace Bushnell, Sermons on Living Subject, 30) that Jesus would scarcely make use of the family symbolism to designate the sacred relationships of the kingdom of heaven, while, at the same time, He was depreciating the value and importance of the very relationships which formed the basis of His analogy. Mary, the mother of Jesus Christ, was a young girl, probably only about 12 or 13 years old when the angel Gabriel came to her. She appears before us for the first time in (Luke 8:2) among the women who "ministered unto him of their substance." The noun τεκνον (teknon) is the common Greek word for child. Nature does not support an evolution from natural, non-centralized empire (prokaryote) to political empire (eukaryote) to an even bigger and more rigid empire, with a bigger and more rigid nucleus and ever expanding constitutional code. It is a matter of dogmatic assumption unmixed with any alloy of factual evidence, and might better be openly made such. In addition to this, it is difficult to believe that a Pharisee of Simon's temper would have entertained Jesus when once he had been proscribed by the authorities. There John tells us, A great portent appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars. And that, very simply, means that Mary represents a social stance; a community in which everything is in place for a massive understanding of the whole truth about everything. However, she is there as his first disciple to behold his first miraculous sign. The literature they had access to came literally from all the ends of the earth and the literature they in turn produced remains beyond compare of anything mankind has achieved since. Within first century Judaism there were many highly unique schools — we know of Sadducees (= sons of Zadok), Pharisees (= sons of Persia? In Matthew 12:46 (parallel Mark 3:31-35), we are told that, when His mother and His brethren came seeking Him, Jesus in the well-known remark concerning His true relatives in the kingdom of heaven intended to convey a severe rebuke to His own household for an action which involved both unbelief and presumptuous interference in His great life-work. According to all three, the ground or complaint is the alleged wastefulness of the action. The Mary who sat at Jesus' feet in listening silence while Martha bustled about the house, who remained at home while Martha went out to meet Him, is the very one to hurl herself at His feet in a storm and passion of tears when she does meet Him and to break out in a self-forgetful public act of devotion, strange to her modest disposition, however native to her deep emotion. There is no verified meaning, but it was most likely an ancient Egyptian name from the name elements mry or mr meaning "beloved." It is significant that, while Mary says just what Martha had already said (11:21,32), her way of saying it and her manner as a whole so shakes the Lord's composure that He is unable to answer her directly but addresses His inquiry to the company in general (11:34). And since these laws are the same for everyone, there is no difference between having one's subconscious mind somehow wired into an internet of other subconscious minds, or having a subconscious mind that is essentially identical to the universe and thus all the minds therein. Just as the idea of the sinlessness of Mary has led to the dogma of the immaculate conception, so the idea of her perpetual virginity demands the ancillary notion of Joseph's. Mary symbolizes both ancient Israel and the Lucan faith-community as the author/singer of the Magnificat. John's version of Lazarus (11:1) incorporated the story of the sisters Mary and Martha, and very few from John's original audience would have not realized that the names Martha and Mary are essentially identical and that this story too visited the tried archetype of the Two Sisters. At the wedding in John 2:1-12 Jesus appears to reject his mother's request and then immediately does what she asks! In Biblical times it had its most recent installment in Pallas Athena. Elsewhere, James is regularly designated "son of Alpheus" (Matthew 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15). Web Sites. ( Luke 24:23 ) She had four sons and at least three daughters. But his prophets saw that the real desire of the nations would come (Haggai 2:7). The intensely Jewish quality of her piety thus expressed accounts for much that appears anomalous in her subsequent career as depicted in the Gospels. "At the announcement that she would give birth to "the Son of the Most High" without... Read More. When Gabriel first tells Mary that she will bear a son, Mary … The Virgin cult which managed to attach itself to Mary was not originally Marian because it stems from deep antiquity. The difference is not subtle. But she existed in many locations and only one produced the actual Son: the non-violent resistance movement that originated in the Diaspora, was first recognized in Persian Babylon and ultimately materialized in Roman Judea. Grafted on the Canaanite schools of Salem (Genesis 14:18) and Mamre (13:18), and having absorbed all the wealth and women of Shechem (34:29) it was formed from tributaries ranging from Babylon (Abraham, Sarah), Assyria (Haran) to Egypt (Moses; also see Exodus 12:35-36) and from Midian in Arabia (Jethro) to Jericho (Rahab), Moab (Ruth), the Hittites (Uriah and Bathsheba) and a further influx of people from all over: 32,000 Midianite virgins (Numbers 31:18 and 31:35), a certain "mixed multitude" (Exodus 12:38) and countless others (Deuteronomy 20:14, Exodus 20:10). In the various attempts to solve this problem, or rather group of problems, otherwise than by holding to two anointings, Luke, who stands alone against Mark, Matthew and John, has usually suffered loss of confidence. The first was Mary the mother of Jesus. Since she was the mother of Mark, she was also, in all probability, the aunt of Barnabas. When the authors of the New Testament came up with a personage Mary Magdalene — that is: Mary of the Tower, from מגדל (migdal), meaning tower — and placed her unanimously under the cross, nobody in the original audience would have missed the pun: Over the centuries, many of the best and brightest have tried to figure out which women exactly were present at the crucifixion, because like the "pages and pages of data" in Carl Sagan's Contact, the pointers simply don't line up — that is to say: to an observer who expects a linear narrative. There for thirty years Mary, the wife of Joseph the carpenter, resides, filling her own humble sphere, and pondering over the strange things that had happened to her. Mary's Prayer teaches us to stay afloat in the ocean of life, with all of its undertows. The sum of the matter concerning Mary seems to be this: The mother of Jesus was a typical Jewish believer of the best sort. Not so Mary. In fact, the only Christ we can observe in any scientific sense is the literary Christ; the character in the Bible. We shall be compelled to face this difficulty in case we are forced to the conclusion that there were more anointings than one. Henceforth, to the very end, with unwearied devotion, with intent and eager willingness, with undaunted courage even in the face of dangers which broke the courage of the chosen Twelve, she followed and served her Lord. Mark presents only a rapid sketch or silhouette of the Jewish woman who is the mother of Jesus. Minds that exist freely within a network of truth are like a fishing net that catches everything (Jeremiah 16:16, Matthew 4:19). The Magdalene and Lazarite components are of course wonderfully useful, but according to the authors, only the Nazarene truly has offspring. Their crime was officially called "atheism," which became "a charge on which many others who drifted into Jewish ways were condemned," wrote Cassius Dio around 200 AD (Hist.67.14). It is to be noted that the idea of wanton interference on the part of Mary and of sharp rebuke on the part of Jesus is to be decisively rejected. In the first place, the fact that Peter went thither directly upon his escape from prison argues that Mary's house was a well-known center of Christian life and worship. The observation that "the earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was moving over the surface of the waters" explains why Gabriel could tell Mary: "the Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you" (and also have a look at our article on the adjective αγιος, hagios, meaning "holy"). John's expression in particular is most interesting and peculiar (see John 12:7). 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